Reported Speech - Indirect Speech
Indirect Speech (also referred to as 'reported speech') refers to a sentence reporting what someone has said.
1. If the reporting verb (i.e. said) is in the past, the reported clause will be in a past form. This form is usually one step back into the past from the original..
- He said the test was difficult.
- She said she watched TV every day.
- Jack said he came to school every day.
- He says the test is difficult.
- She has said that she watches TV every day.
- Jack will say that he comes to school every day.
For example:The teacher said that phrasal verbs are very important.
Changing Pronouns and Time Signifiers
When changing from direct speech to indirect speech, it is often necessary to change the pronouns to match the subject of the sentence.
- She said, "I want to bring my children." BECOMES She said she wanted to bring her children.
- Jack said, "My wife went with me to the show." BECOMES Jack said his wife had gone with him to the show.
- She said, "I want to bring my children tomorrow." BECOMES She said she wanted to bring her children the next day.
- Jack said, "My wife went with me to the show yesterday." BECOMES Jack said his wife had gone with him to the show the day before.
When reporting questions, it is especially important to pay attention to sentence order. When reporting yes/ no questions connect the reported question using 'if'. When reporting questions using question words (why, where, when, etc.) use the question word.
- She asked, "Do you want to come with me?" BECOMES She asked me if I wanted to come with her.
- Dave asked, "Where did you go last weekend?" BECOMES Dave asked me where I had gone the previous weekend.
- He asked, "Why are you studying English?" BECOMES She asked me why I was studying English.
Sumber : http://esl.about.com/od/grammarintermediate/a/reported_speech.htm